What is confirmation in Scotland?


Confirmation is the Scottish equivalent of the probate procedure in England and Wales and Northern Ireland. It is granted by the Sheriff Court in the district in which the deceased was resident and provides the executors with authority to deal with the estate; whether it be closing bank accounts, selling property or transferring or selling shares.

While there are similarities with the probate procedure, there are also significant differences, principally in terms of the paperwork required.

For ‘small’ estates with a gross value of (currently) £36,000 or less, executors are entitled to free assistance with obtaining confirmation from the local Sheriff Court.

How do I apply for confirmation?

The process involves conducting a thorough examination of the deceased’s financial papers to draw together the information needed to complete the confirmation application form C1. This form accompanies the inheritance tax return and provides details about the deceased and the estate.

Where a person dies without a will, an application must first be made to the Sheriff Court to have an executor appointed and in most cases it will also be necessary to obtain an insurance document known as a Bond of Caution.  Legislation sets out who may be appointed as an executor in the absence of a will and it is important that the correct individuals are identified from the start.

The Form C1 includes a declaration by the executors confirming that the contents of the form are correct, to the best of their knowledge. As the declaration is similar to swearing an oath in court, it is crucial that full enquiries be made into the assets of the estate and into the deceased’s tax affairs.

Where inheritance tax is due, the confirmation application must first be submitted to HMRC along with the tax return, before being sent to the Court. The tax must be paid at the same time, either in full or as a first instalment where this is permitted. Once the application is submitted the Sheriff Clerk will check it and if satisfied, submit it to the Sheriff to issue the Grant of Confirmation.

How much will it cost?

Court fees presently start at £256 for estates worth between £50,000 and £250,000 and £512 for all estates worth over £250,000. The same fee will be charged again in full where it is necessary to amend the application and care should therefore be taken to ensure that no assets are missed out or reported incorrectly.

It is crucial when obtaining confirmation that the specific procedures used in Scotland are followed. To ensure that the process runs as smoothly as possible, it is recommended that advice be sought from a suitably qualified advisor.

Magnus Mackay TEP is an Associate in the Private Client team at Stronachs LLP in Aberdeen, Scotland


An article of this kind can never provide a complete guide to the law in these areas, which may be subject to change from time to time. The opinions and suggestions made within this article should not be interpreted as specific advice in relation to any particular individual or individuals. Neither STEP, the article author or their firm accept responsibility for any loss occasioned by someone acting or refraining to act on the basis of the opinions and suggestions contained in this article. More